Dr. Pasqual is board certified in oral and maxillofacial surgery and has received advanced training to address many of your facial aesthetic and cosmetic concerns.
There are two particularly important substances — collagen and hyaluronic acid — that play important roles in keeping facial skin looking smooth and supple. Collagen is a protein that provides skin with structural support, while hyaluronic acid is a natural sugar found in all living cells that attracts and binds water, hydrating the skin and giving it volume.
As the skin ages and is exposed to environmental pollutants and ultraviolet rays, collagen and hyaluronic acid in the skin diminish, the skin loses structure and volume, and unwelcome lines and wrinkles appear, like those “parentheses” lines around your nose and mouth.
Other lines, like glabellar lines (the vertical frown lines between the eyebrows which often look like the number “11”), are formed by repeated and involuntary contraction of the muscles between the eyebrows. As the skin becomes less elastic, excessive contraction of these muscles may cause visible, deep wrinkles between the eyebrows to form, even when the face is relaxed.